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Rule 736. Expedited Foreclosure Proceeding (Apr2000)
1. Application. A party filing an application under Rule 736 seeking a court order allowing the foreclosure of a lien under Tex. Const. art. XVI, § 50(a)(6)(D), for a home equity loan, or § 50(k)(11), for a reverse mortgage, shall initiate such in rem proceeding by filing a verified application in the district court in any county where all or any part of the real property encumbered by the lien sought to be foreclosed (the "property") is located. The application shall:
(A) be styled: "In re: Order for Foreclosure Concerning (Name of person to receive notice of foreclosure) and (Property Mailing Address) ";
(B) identify by name the party who, according to the records of the holder of the debt, is obligated to pay the debt secured by the property;
(C) identify the property by mailing address and legal description;
(D) identify the security instrument encumbering the property by reference to volume and page, clerk's file number or other identifying recording information found in the official real property records of the county where all or any part of the property is located or attach a legible copy of the security instrument;
(E) allege that:
(1) a debt exists;
(2) the debt is secured by a lien created under Tex. Const. art. XVI, § 50(a)(6), for a home equity loan, or § 50(a)(7), for a reverse mortgage;
(3) a default under the security instrument exists;
(4) the applicant has given the requisite notices to cure the default and accelerate the maturity of the debt under the security instrument, Tex. Prop. Code § 51.002, Tex. Const. art. XVI, § 50(k)(10), for a reverse mortgage, and applicable law;
(F) describe facts which establish the existence of a default under the security instrument; and
(G) state that the applicant seeks a court order required by Tex. Const. art. XVI, § 50(a)(6)(D), for a home equity loan, or § 50(k)(11), for a reverse mortgage, to sell the property under the security instrument and Tex. Prop. Code § 51.002.
A notice required by Tex. Const. art. XVI, § 50(k)(10), for a reverse mortgage, may be combined or incorporated in any other notice referenced in Rule 736(1)(E)(4). The verified application and any supporting affidavit shall be made on personal know ledge and shall set forth such facts as would be admissible in evidence, provided that facts may be stated based upon information and belief if the grounds of such belief are specifically stated.
(A) Service. Every application filed with the clerk of the court shall be served by the. party filing the application. Service of the application and notice shall be by delivery of a copy to the party to be served by certified and first class mail addressed to each party who, according to the records of the holder of the debt is obligated to pay the debt. Service shall be complete upon the deposit of the application and notice, enclosed in a postage prepaid and properly addressed wrapper, in a post office or official depository under the care and custody of the United States Postal Service. If the respondent is represented by an attorney and the applicant's attorney has knowledge of the name and address of the attorney, an additional copy of the application and notice shall be sent to respondent's attorney.
(B) Certificate of Service. The applicant or applicant's attorney shall certify to the court compliance with the service requirements of Rule 736. The applicant shall file a copy of the notice and the certificate of service with the clerk of the court. The certificate of service shall be prima facie evidence of the fact of service.
(C) Form of Notice. The notice shall be sufficient if it is in substantially the following form in at least ten point type (see Example 1).
(CLICK HERE FOR PDF OF EXAMPLE 1)
(D) The applicant shall state in the notice the date the response is due in accordance with Rule 736(3).
(E) The application and notice may be accompanied by any other notice required by state or federal law.
3. Response Due Date. A response is due on or before 10:00 a.m. on the first Monday after the expiration of thirty-eight (38) days after the date of mailing of the application and notice to respondent, exclusive of the date of mailing, as set forth in the certificate of service.
(A) The respondent may file a response setting out as many matters, whether of law or fact, as respondent deems necessary or pertinent to contest the application. Such response and any supporting affidavit shall be made on personal know ledge and shall set forth such facts as would be admissible in evidence, provided that facts may be stated based upon information and belief if the grounds of such belief are specifically stated.
(B) The response shall state the respondent's mailing address.
(C) The response shall be filed with the clerk of the court. The respondent shall also send a copy of the response to the applicant or the applicant's attorney at the address set out in the notice.
5. Default. At any time after a response is due, the court shall grant the application without further notice or hearing if:
(A) the application complies with Rule 736(1);
(B) the respondent has not previously filed a response;
(C) a copy of the notice and the certificate of service shall have been on file with the clerk of the court for at least ten days exclusive of the date of filing.
6. Hearing When Response Filed. On the filing of a response, the application shall be promptly heard after reasonable notice to the applicant and the respondent. No discovery of any kind shall be permitted in a proceeding under Rule 736. Unless the parties agree to an extension of time, the issue shall be determined by the court not later than ten business days after a request for hearing by either party. At the hearing, the applicant shall have the burden to prove by affidavits on file or evidence presented the grounds for the granting of the order sought in the application.
7. Only Issue. The only issue to be determined under Rule 736 shall be the right of the applicant to obtain an order to proceed with foreclosure under the security instrument and Tex. Prop. Code § 51.002.
8. Order to Proceed with Notice of Sale and Sale.
(A) Grant or denial. The court shall grant the application if the court finds applicant has proved the elements of Rule 736(1)(E). Otherwise, the court shall deny the application. The granting or denial of the application is not an appealable order.
(B) Form of order. The order shall recite the mailing address and legal description of the property, direct that foreclosure proceed under the security instrument and Tex. Prop. Code § 51.002, provide that a copy of the order shall be sent to respondent with the notice of sale, provide that applicant may communicate with the respondent and all third parties reasonably necessary to conduct the foreclosure sale, and, if respondent is represented by counsel, direct that notice of the foreclosure sale date shall also be mailed to counsel by certified mail.
(C) Filing of order. The applicant is to file a certified copy of the order in the real property records of the county where the property is located within ten business days of the entry of the order. Failure to timely record the order shall not affect the validity of the foreclosure or defeat the presumption of Tex. Const. art. XVI, § 50(i).
9. Nonpreclusive Effect of Order. No order or determination of fact or law under Rule 736 shall be res judicata or constitute collateral estoppel or estoppel by judgment in any other proceeding or suit. The granting of an application under these rules shall be without prejudice to the right of the respondent to seek relief at law or in equity in any court of competent jurisdiction. The denial of an application under these rules shall be without prejudice to the right of the applicant to refile the application or seek other relief at law or in equity in any court of competent jurisdiction.
10. Abatement and Dismissal. A proceeding under Rule 736 is automatically abated if, before the signing of the order, notice is filed with the clerk of the court in which the application is pending that respondent has filed a petition contesting the right to foreclose in a district court in the county where the application is pending. A proceeding that has been abated shall be dismissed.
Amended by order of April 12, 2000, eff. April 15, 2000.
|Prior Amendments||Future Amendments|
|Jan. 27, 1998, eff. May 15, 1998||rewritten see 736.1-736.13, eff. Jan. 1, 2012|
|Feb. 10, 2000, eff. April 15, 2000|