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Rule 209. Submission to Witness; Changes; Signing


When the testimony is fully transcribed the deposition shall be submitted to the witness for examination and shall be read to or by him, unless such examination and reading are waived by the witness and by the parties. Any changes in form or substance which the witness desires to make shall be entered upon the deposition by the officer with a statement of the reasons given by the witness for making them. The deposition shall then be signed by the witness, unless the parties by stipulation waive the signing or the witness is ill or cannot be found or refuses to sign. If the deposition is not signed by the witness, the officer shall sign it and state on the record the fact of the waiver or of the illness or absence of the witness or the fact of the refusal to sign together with the reason, if any, given therefor; and the deposition may then be used as fully as though signed, unless on a motion to suppress, made as provided in Rule 212, the court holds that the reasons given for the refusal to sign require rejection of the deposition in whole or in part.

Source: Federal Rule 30 (e).

Change: Substitution of reference to Rule 212 for reference to Federal Rule 32 (d).

Oct. 29, 1940, eff. Sept. 1, 1941.


July 20, 1954, eff. Jan. 1, 1955

Repealed by order of Dec. 5, 1983, eff. April 1, 1984. See Rule 205.