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Rule 201. Depositions In Foreign Jurisdictions For Use In Texas Proceedings; Depositions In Texas For Use In Foreign Proceedings (Aug1998)
201.1 Depositions in Foreign Jurisdictions for Use in Texas Proceedings.
(a) Generally. A party may take a deposition on oral examination or written questions of any person or entity located in another state or a foreign country for use in proceedings in this State. The deposition may be taken by:
(2) letter rogatory, letter of request, or other such device;
(3) agreement of the parties; or
(4) court order.
(b) By notice. A party may take the deposition by notice in accordance with these rules as if the deposition were taken in this State, except that the deposition officer may be a person authorized to administer oaths in the place where the deposition is taken.
(c) By letter rogatory. On motion by a party, the court in which an action is pending must issue a letter rogatory on terms that are just and appropriate, regardless of whether any other manner of obtaining the deposition is impractical or inconvenient. The letter must:
(1) be addressed to the appropriate authority in the jurisdiction in which the deposition is to be taken;
(2) request and authorize that authority to summon the witness before the authority at a time and place stated in the letter for examination on oral or written questions; and
(3) request and authorize that authority to cause the witness's testimony to be reduced to writing and returned, together with any items marked as exhibits, to the party requesting the letter rogatory.
(d) By letter of request or other such device. On motion by a party, the court in which an action is pending, or the clerk of that court, must issue a letter of request or other such device in accordance with an applicable treaty or international convention on terms that are just and appropriate. The letter or other device must be issued regardless of whether any other manner of obtaining the deposition is impractical or inconvenient. The letter or other device must:
(1) be in the form prescribed by the treaty or convention under which it is issued, as presented by the movant to the court or clerk; and
(2) must state the time, place, and manner of the examination of the witness.
(e) Objections to form of letter rogatory, letter of request, or other such device. In issuing a letter rogatory, letter of request, or other such device, the court must set a time for objecting to the form of the device. A party must make any objection to the form of the device in writing and serve it on all other parties by the time set by the court, or the objection is waived.
(f) Admissibility of evidence. Evidence obtained in response to a letter rogatory, letter of request, or other such device is not inadmissible merely because it is not a verbatim transcript, or the testimony was not taken under oath, or for any similar departure from the requirements for depositions taken within this State under these rules.
(g) Deposition by electronic means. A deposition in another jurisdiction may be taken by telephone, videoconference, teleconference, or other electronic means under the provisions of Rule 199.
201.2 Depositions in Texas for Use in Proceedings in Foreign Jurisdictions. If a court of record of any other state or foreign jurisdiction issues a mandate, writ, or commission that requires a witness's oral or written deposition testimony in this State, the witness may be compelled to appear and testify in the same manner and by the same process used for taking testimony in a proceeding pending in this State.
Aug. 4, 1998, eff. Jan. 1, 1999.
Notes and Comments
Comments to 1999 change:
1. Rule 201.1 sets forth procedures for obtaining deposition testimony of a witness in another state or foreign jurisdiction for use in Texas court proceedings. It does not, however, address whether any of the procedures listed are, in fact, permitted or recognized by the law of the state or foreign jurisdiction where the witness is located. A party must first determine what procedures are permitted by the jurisdiction where the witness is located before using this rule.
2. Section 20.001 of the Civil Practice and Remedies Code provides a nonexclusive list of persons who are qualified to take a written deposition in Texas and who may take depositions (oral Or written) in another state or outside the United States.
3. Rule 201.2 is based on Section 20.002 of the Civil Practice and Remedies Code.
Nov. 9, 1998, eff. Jan. 1, 1999