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Rule 167 a. Physical and Mental Examination of Persons (1990)


(a) Order for Examination. When the mental or physical condition (including the blood group) of a party, or of a person in the custody, conservatorship or under the legal control of a party, is in controversy, the court in which the action is pending may order the party to submit to a physical or mental examination by a physician or psychologist or to produce for examination the person in his custody, conservatorship or legal control. The order may be made only on motion for good cause shown and upon notice to the person to be examined and to all parties and shall specify the time, place, manner, conditions, and scope of the examination and the person or persons by whom it is to be made. Except as provided in subparagraph (d) of this rule, an examination by a psychologist may be ordered only when the party responding to the motion has identified a psychologist as an expert who will testify.

(b) Report of Examining Physician or Psychologist.

(1) If requested by the party against whom an order is made under this rule or the person examined, the party causing the examination to be made shall deliver to him a copy of a detailed written report of the examining physician or psychologist setting out his findings, including results of all tests made, diagnoses and conclusions, together with like reports of all earlier examinations of the same condition. After delivery the party causing the examination shall be entitled upon request to receive from the party against whom the order is made a like report of any examination, previously or thereafter made, of the same condition, unless, in the case of a report of examination of a person not a party, the party shows that he is unable to obtain it. The court on motion may make an order against a party requiring delivery of a report on such terms as are just, and if a physician or psychologist fails or refuses to make a report the court may exclude his testimony if offered at the trial.

(2) This subdivision applies to examinations made by agreement of the parties, unless the agreement expressly provides otherwise. This subdivision does not preclude discovery of a report of an examining physician or psychologist or the taking of a deposition of the physician or psychologist in accordance with the provisions of any other rule.

(c) Effect of No Examination. If no examination is sought either by agreement or under the provisions of this rule, the party whose mental or physical condition is in controversy shall not comment to the court or jury on his willingness to submit to an examination, on the right of any other party to request an examination or move for an order, or on the failure of such other party to do so.

(d) Cases Arising Under Title II, Family Code. In cases arising under Title II, Family Code, on the court's own motion or on the motion of a party, the court may appoint:

(1) one or more psychologists to make any and all appropriate mental examinations of the children who are the subject of the suit or any other parties irrespective of whether a psychologist has been listed by any party as an expert who will testify.

(2) non-physician experts who are qualified in paternity testing to take blood, body fluid or tissue samples and to conduct such tests as ordered by the court.

(e) Definitions. For the purpose of this rule, a psychologist is a person licensed or certified by a State or the District of Columbia as a psychologist.

Amended by order of April 24, 1990, eff. Sept. 1, 1990: To provide for court-ordered examination by certain psychologists.

Prior Amendments Future Amendments
Oct. 3, 1972, eff. Feb. 1, 1973 Repealed by order of Aug. 4, 1998, and Nov. 9, 1998, eff. Jan. 1, 1999. See Rule 204.